Sincere 6 | Facts About World War 1

world war 1 facts 6

Colonial Empires after World War 1

WWI was the beginning of the end for colonialism. European powers like Britain and France pulled their colonies into the war, along with countries like German who added in harder labor; eventually this lead to the surge of anti-colonialism.

The First World War saw the colonial empires of France and Britain mobilised to aid European and imperial war efforts. This mobilisation and the difficulties of demobilisation placed considerable strain on imperial systems which were only partly addressed through post-war reforms. The Great War also unleashed an unprecedented ideological challenge to colonial rule embodied in the ideas of Woodrow Wilson which took form through the mandatory system. Although there were some restrictions placed on the activities of the colonial powers, both Britain and France maintained their imperial rule, often violently suppressing anti-colonial nationalist challenges.

Many African Countries Were Involved With the War

A common misconception is the war mainly consisted of European powers, but a large amount of African countries were involved as well. Often against their will, due to being under colonial rule.

The First World War gave rise to a crucial change in the relationship between Europe and Africa. Over two million people in Africa made huge sacrifices for the European Allies. 100,000 men died in East Africa and 65,000 men from French North Africa and French West Africa lost their lives.

Let us not forget that this wasn’t a mutual relationship and the Brits forced many African countries into the war. In addition the name ‘French’ North/West Africa being an insult.

Henry Tandey Spares Hitler’s Life 

Allegedly private Henry Tandey of the British army spared Hitler’s life when he took aim. Years later, his home would be destroyed by German Luftwaffe.

“That man came so near to killing me that I thought I should never see Germany again,” Hitler is alleged to have said.

“Providence saved me from such devilish accurate fire as those English boys were aiming at us.”

The Treaty of Versailles

The Versailles Treaty, signed on June 28, 1919, was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II

World War 1 | Modern Warfare

French Troops at the start of the war went into battle wearing traditional, brightly colored uniforms. The world at that point hadn’t experience modern warfare which consisted of trench fighting, sub-machine guns, tanks, and airplanes.

When Europe’s armies first marched to war in 1914, some were still carrying lances on horseback. By the end of the war, rapid-fire guns, aerial bombardment, armored vehicle attacks, and chemical weapon deployments were commonplace. Any romantic notion of warfare was bluntly shoved aside by the advent of chlorine gas, massive explosive shells that could have been fired from more than 20 miles away, and machine guns that spat out bullets like firehoses. Each side did its best to build on existing technology, or invent new methods, hoping to gain any advantage over the enemy. Massive listening devices gave them ears in the sky, armored vehicles made them impervious to small arms fire, tanks could (most of the time) cruise right over barbed wire and trenches, telephones and heliographs let them speak across vast distances, and airplanes gave them new platforms to rain death on each other from above. New scientific work resulted in more lethal explosives, new tactics made old offensive methods obsolete, and mass-produced killing machines made soldiers both more powerful and more vulnerable.

The War Could Have Been Avoided | What If’s

 The greatest irony of WWI was that none of the key decision-makers wanted it to happen (and death wish or no, neither did most ordinary people). Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II prided himself on his reputation as peacekeeper and frantically tried to avert WWI at the last minute. Previously Austria-Hungary’s Emperor Franz Josef went to extraordinary lengths to keep the peace, and Russia’s Tsar Nicholas II was known for his peaceful nature. Although this obviously wasn’t enough to stop the war on its own, it shows the will for peace was there, if only circumstances would allow.

For more reasons and how the war could have been avoided, go to Mental Floss.

http://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/colonial_empires_after_the_wardecolonization

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/13chapter2.shtml

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-28593256

http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwari/p/Versailles-Treaty.htm

http://www.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/wwi/wwitech/

http://mentalfloss.com/article/57319/14-reasons-world-war-i-happened-and-four-things-could-have-stopped-it

Sincere 6 | Reasons Ronald Reagan Was a Terrible President

ronald

Reaganomics 

An important element of the trickle down effect is with regard to income tax cuts for the rich. It is argued that cutting income tax for the rich will not just benefit high-earners, but also everyone. The argument is as follows:

  1. If high income earners see an increase in disposable income, they will increase their spending and this creates additional demand in the economy. This higher level of aggregate demand creates jobs and higher wages for all workers.

  2. Alternatively, increased profits for firms may be reinvested into expanding output. This again leads to higher growth, wages and incomes for all.

  3. Lower income taxes increase the incentive to for people to work leading to higher productivity and economic growth.

Reagan’s Welfare Queen 

It is a known fact that there are more White people on welfare than Black people. Though the percentage of Black people on welfare is larger, the lion’s share of government funds goes to White America — both corporate and personal.

Now, that we know that the face of the most infamous ‘welfare queen’ in the nation is White, maybe the racial narrative will finally begin to change.

Ronald Reagan’s War on Drugs

The presidency of Ronald Reagan marked the start of a long period of skyrocketing rates of incarceration, largely thanks to his unprecedented expansion of the drug war. The number of people behind bars for nonviolent drug law offenses increased from 50,000 in 1980 to over 400,000 by 1997.

Public concern about illicit drug use built throughout the 1980s, largely due to media portrayals of people addicted to the smoke-able form of cocaine dubbed “crack.” Soon after Ronald Reagan took office in 1981, his wife, Nancy Reagan, began a highly-publicized anti-drug campaign, coining the slogan “Just Say No.” This set the stage for the zero tolerance policies implemented in the mid-to-late 1980s. Los Angeles Police Chief Daryl Gates, who believed that “casual drug users should be taken out and shot,” founded the DARE drug education program, which was quickly adopted nationwide despite the lack of evidence of its effectiveness. The increasingly harsh drug policies also blocked the expansion of syringe access programs and other harm reduction policies to reduce the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS.

Ronald Reagan’s Neglect of the AIDS Epidemic

I’ve never met Larry Kramer, but he and I have something in common: In the 1980s, we found Gary Bauer maddeningly obtuse on the question of whether Ronald Reagan should speak to Americans about the AIDS epidemic.

I was a reporter in the San Jose Mercury News Washington bureau covering the federal response to the epidemic. Bauer was a Reagan administration official aligned with other social conservatives resistant to having the president play a visible role on AIDS. Kramer was, and remains, a prominent gay rights activist.

In early 1987, after Bauer became chief White House domestic policy adviser, prominent voices in the medical community were calling for Reagan to deliver a major address about the crisis. Why have a “Great Communicator” in office, they said, if he won’t communicate the message that safe sex is a matter of life-or-death?

Ronald Reagan Arms Soon to Be Terrorist Group

As the public debates some of the more controversial ways the US deals with foreign policy and safety, it’s prudent to remember some of the less than fruitful foreign policy items where America invested its time and money.

This photograph is from 1983, when Reagan and the CIA were dancing around the idea of arming Mujahadin fighters in order to fight back against Soviet incursion in Afghanistan. The result was awell-armed, well-trained group of jihadis who resisted (some say defeated) the onslaught of superior Soviet weaponry.

Ronald Reagan’s Expansion of the Federal Budget 

No federal budget — at least, perhaps, since Calvin Coolidge — has been good news. But President Reagan’s budget for 1983 is the most provocative in living memory, and it has inspired more than the usual criticism. The criticism has about it an air of desperation, as if the deficits and the depredations will have irreversible effects on the economy, and, beyond that, on society and the future of governance in this country.

The administration now projects overall federal spending of $762 billion for 1983, $803 billion for 1984, and, at this writing, admits deficits of $102 billion and $94 billion respectively. Others, including the Congressional Budget Office, say the spending will be almost 10% higher and the deficits will be half again as high. The precise figures do not matter. In any case, they are elusive and subject to almost daily adjustments. The point is the magnitude of the nation’s insolvency, and the factors that are causing it.

Among the notable features of the Reagan 1983 budget, the most egregious is the vast increase in defense spending.

http://newsone.com/2819010/linda-taylor-ronald-reagans-welfare-queen-was-real-and-white/

http://www.drugpolicy.org/new-solutions-drug-policy/brief-history-drug-war

http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2014/06/01/ronald_reagan_and_aids_correcting_the_record_122806.html

/174/economics/trickle-down-economics/

http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/reagans-1983-defense-budget-analysis-alternative

Sincere 6 | Reasons Woodrow Wilson Was a Terrible President

zwildrow

Woodrow Wilson Women’s Suffrage

In late June 1917, six women were arrested. Eleven more were detained on July 4. Ten days later, a third group was taken into custody. All the women were charged with “obstructing traffic.” The protesters were sentenced to 60 days in the workhouse. There, they suffered beatings, forced feeding, and unsanitary conditions. But the pickets – and the arrests – continued. In August, scuffles broke out right in front of the White House gates. For three days suffragists were dragged, punched and choked by angry crowds. City police stood by, refusing to intervene.

Woodrow Wilson Segregation of The Federal Government

Wilson refused to appoint black ambassadors to Haiti and Santa Domingo, posts traditionally awarded to African Americans. Two of Wilson’s cabinet ministers, Postmaster General Albert Burelson and Treasury Secretary William McAdoo, both Southerners, issued orders segregating their departments. Throughout the country, blacks were segregated or dismissed from federal positions. In Georgia, the head of the Internal Revenue division fired all black employees: “There are no government positions for Negroes in the South. A Negro’s place in the corn field.” He said. The President’s wife, Ellen Wilson, was said to have had a hand in segregating employees in Washington, encouraging department chiefs to assign blacks separate working, eating, and toilet facilities. To justify segregation, officials publicized complaints by white women, who were thought to be threatened by black men’s sexuality and disease.


Definition and Summary of the Committee on Public InformationWoodrow Wilson’s Creel Committee

Summary and Definition: The Committee on Public Information (CPI), was established on April 13, 1917 and headed by George Creel. The CPI provided propaganda during WW1 to rally the support of American citizens for all aspects of the war effort. President Woodrow Wilson considered that public support was to the entire wartime effort. Information in the form of propaganda was provided by the Committee on Public Information (CPI) and used in many different forms such as posters, pamphlets, magazines, billboards, movies, photographs, public speakers called the “Four Minute Men” and daily press releases to shape public opinion to build support for the war. The Committee on Public Information (CPI), aka the Creel Committee, was also tasked with censorship of potentially damaging material.

Woodrow Wilson Vetoed Racial Equality Proposal 

During World War I, said Dr. Takahara, Japan had taken over the Shantung Peninsula and the Marshall, Caroline and Mariana Islands from Germany. She was anxious to keep these gains, but was afraid the Western powers might discriminate against her as the first non-white great power. Suspecting that Britain and America might form an Anglo-Saxon coalition against her, Japan put forward the Racial Equality Proposal at the Paris Peace Conference.

Japan had a direct and an indirect cause for being interested in racial equality. Directly, Japan was not enthusiastic about the establishment of the League of Nations, which was one of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points setting forth the basic principles for establishing a just and lasting peace, and undertook to draw up a counterplan. An indirect cause was related to the problem of finding a solution to the problem of Japanese immigration to the United States. Japan had already agreed by 1908 to prohibit immigration, but an anti-Japanese movement continued to grow in California, and, unlike his predecessors, Wilson was opposed to federal interference in state rights. For Japan, the inclusion of the Racial Equality Proposal in the Peace Treaty would achieve the double goal of solving the immigration problem and avoiding a racial clash between the whites and non-whites.

In short, Woodrow Wilson decided to veto a proposal that would have salvaged United States of America  and Japan’s relationship.

Woodrow Wilson Signed the Federal Reserve Act

Woodrow Wilson created the current central banking system of the United States by signing the Federal Reserve Act on December 23, 1913.  The Act created a Board of Governors to oversee twelve Federal Reserve Banks charged with controlling the cash flow in the United States and established a Federal Open Market Committee to oversee the buying and selling of government securities.  All national banks were required to join the Federal Reserve System, and other banks could join as they wished.

Most  sources believe this was a good move.

Woodrow Wilson Support | Birth of a Nation

 On the evening of March 21, 1915, President Woodrow Wilson attended a special screening at the White House of THE BIRTH OF A NATION, a film directed by D.W. Griffith and based on THE CLANSMAN, a novel written by Wilson’s good friend Thomas Dixon. The film presented a distorted portrait of the South after the Civil War, glorifying the Ku Klux Klan and denigrating blacks. It falsified the period of Reconstruction by presenting blacks as dominating Southern whites (almost all of whom are noble in the film) and sexually forcing themselves upon white women.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/portrait/wp_suffrage.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_segregation.html

http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/committee-on-public-information-facts.htm

http://www.asjapan.org/web.php/lectures/2003/03

http://www.woodrowwilson.org/education/for-students/the-federal-reserve-whose-idea-was-it-anyway

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_birth.html

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