Woodrow Wilson Women’s Suffrage
In late June 1917, six women were arrested. Eleven more were detained on July 4. Ten days later, a third group was taken into custody. All the women were charged with “obstructing traffic.” The protesters were sentenced to 60 days in the workhouse. There, they suffered beatings, forced feeding, and unsanitary conditions. But the pickets – and the arrests – continued. In August, scuffles broke out right in front of the White House gates. For three days suffragists were dragged, punched and choked by angry crowds. City police stood by, refusing to intervene.
Woodrow Wilson Segregation of The Federal Government
Wilson refused to appoint black ambassadors to Haiti and Santa Domingo, posts traditionally awarded to African Americans. Two of Wilson’s cabinet ministers, Postmaster General Albert Burelson and Treasury Secretary William McAdoo, both Southerners, issued orders segregating their departments. Throughout the country, blacks were segregated or dismissed from federal positions. In Georgia, the head of the Internal Revenue division fired all black employees: “There are no government positions for Negroes in the South. A Negro’s place in the corn field.” He said. The President’s wife, Ellen Wilson, was said to have had a hand in segregating employees in Washington, encouraging department chiefs to assign blacks separate working, eating, and toilet facilities. To justify segregation, officials publicized complaints by white women, who were thought to be threatened by black men’s sexuality and disease.
Definition and Summary of the Committee on Public InformationWoodrow Wilson’s Creel Committee
Summary and Definition: The Committee on Public Information (CPI), was established on April 13, 1917 and headed by George Creel. The CPI provided propaganda during WW1 to rally the support of American citizens for all aspects of the war effort. President Woodrow Wilson considered that public support was to the entire wartime effort. Information in the form of propaganda was provided by the Committee on Public Information (CPI) and used in many different forms such as posters, pamphlets, magazines, billboards, movies, photographs, public speakers called the “Four Minute Men” and daily press releases to shape public opinion to build support for the war. The Committee on Public Information (CPI), aka the Creel Committee, was also tasked with censorship of potentially damaging material.
Woodrow Wilson Vetoed Racial Equality Proposal
During World War I, said Dr. Takahara, Japan had taken over the Shantung Peninsula and the Marshall, Caroline and Mariana Islands from Germany. She was anxious to keep these gains, but was afraid the Western powers might discriminate against her as the first non-white great power. Suspecting that Britain and America might form an Anglo-Saxon coalition against her, Japan put forward the Racial Equality Proposal at the Paris Peace Conference.
Japan had a direct and an indirect cause for being interested in racial equality. Directly, Japan was not enthusiastic about the establishment of the League of Nations, which was one of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points setting forth the basic principles for establishing a just and lasting peace, and undertook to draw up a counterplan. An indirect cause was related to the problem of finding a solution to the problem of Japanese immigration to the United States. Japan had already agreed by 1908 to prohibit immigration, but an anti-Japanese movement continued to grow in California, and, unlike his predecessors, Wilson was opposed to federal interference in state rights. For Japan, the inclusion of the Racial Equality Proposal in the Peace Treaty would achieve the double goal of solving the immigration problem and avoiding a racial clash between the whites and non-whites.
In short, Woodrow Wilson decided to veto a proposal that would have salvaged United States of America and Japan’s relationship.
Woodrow Wilson Signed the Federal Reserve Act
Woodrow Wilson created the current central banking system of the United States by signing the Federal Reserve Act on December 23, 1913. The Act created a Board of Governors to oversee twelve Federal Reserve Banks charged with controlling the cash flow in the United States and established a Federal Open Market Committee to oversee the buying and selling of government securities. All national banks were required to join the Federal Reserve System, and other banks could join as they wished.
Most sources believe this was a good move.
Woodrow Wilson Support | Birth of a Nation
On the evening of March 21, 1915, President Woodrow Wilson attended a special screening at the White House of THE BIRTH OF A NATION, a film directed by D.W. Griffith and based on THE CLANSMAN, a novel written by Wilson’s good friend Thomas Dixon. The film presented a distorted portrait of the South after the Civil War, glorifying the Ku Klux Klan and denigrating blacks. It falsified the period of Reconstruction by presenting blacks as dominating Southern whites (almost all of whom are noble in the film) and sexually forcing themselves upon white women.